.NET Core 反射获取所有控制器及方法上特定标签

.NET Core 反射获取所有控制器及方法上特定标签

有个需求,就是在. NET Core中,我们想在项目 启动时,获取LinCmsAuthorizeAttribute这个特性标签所有出现的地方,把他的参数,放入一个集合并缓存起来,以便后面使用此数据用于权限验证。

我们通过反射获取所有控制器下及方法的Attribute。

LinCmsAuthorizeAttribute是什么

其代码非常简单,用于自定义权限验证,通过重写OnAuthorizationAsync方法,实现固定权限可分配给动态角色(也能分配给动态用户)。主要就基于权限的授权的实现进行研究,实现方法级别的权限验证。

当然,这个只是部分代码,完整代码请查看最下方开源地址,其中LinCmsAuthorizeAttribute继承AuthorizeAttribute,拥有指定角色权限控制,当Permission未指定时,当过滤器与Authorize功能相同。Module是指模块,即多个权限,属于同一个模块,方便前台展示为树型结构。Permission属性的值不可重复。

[AttributeUsage(AttributeTargets.Class | AttributeTargets.Method, AllowMultiple = true)]
public class LinCmsAuthorizeAttribute : AuthorizeAttribute, IAsyncAuthorizationFilter
{
    public string Permission { get; set; }
    public string Module { get; set; }

    public LinCmsAuthorizeAttribute()
    {

    }

    public LinCmsAuthorizeAttribute(string permission,string module)
    {
        Permission = permission;
        Module = module;
    }

    public LinCmsAuthorizeAttribute(string permission,string module, string policy) : base(policy)
    {
        Permission = permission;
        Module = module;
    }

    public async Task OnAuthorizationAsync(AuthorizationFilterContext context)
    {
        if (Permission == null) return;
        var authorizationService = (IAuthorizationService)context.HttpContext.RequestServices.GetService(typeof(IAuthorizationService));
        var authorizationResult = await authorizationService.AuthorizeAsync(context.HttpContext.User, null, new OperationAuthorizationRequirement() { Name = Permission });
        if (!authorizationResult.Succeeded)
        {
            context.Result = new ForbidResult();
        }
    }

    public override string ToString()
    {
        return $"\"{base.ToString()}\",\"Permission:{Permission}\",\"Module:{Module}\",\"Roles:{Roles}\",\"Policy:{Policy}\",\"AuthenticationSchemes:{AuthenticationSchemes}\"";
    }
}

Controller

在 LinCms.Web中的Controller,至于为什么Permission为中文,目前的主要原因,此项目用于适配 Lin-CMS-VUE项目,所以于平常我们以某个字符串作为权限名不同,但不须大精小怪,道理相同。

[Route("cms/log")]
[ApiController]
public class LogController : ControllerBase
{
    private readonly ILogService _logService;

    public LogController(ILogService logService)
    {
        _logService = logService;
    }

    [HttpGet("users")]
    [LinCmsAuthorize("查询日志记录的用户", "日志")]
    public List<string> GetLoggedUsers([FromQuery]PageDto pageDto)
    {
        return _logService.GetLoggedUsers(pageDto);
    }


    [HttpGet]
    [LinCmsAuthorize("查询所有日志", "日志")]
    public PagedResultDto<LinLog> GetLogs([FromQuery]LogSearchDto searchDto)
    {
        return _logService.GetLogUsers(searchDto);
    }

    [HttpGet("search")]
    [LinCmsAuthorize("搜索日志", "日志")]
    public PagedResultDto<LinLog> SearchLogs([FromQuery]LogSearchDto searchDto)
    {
        return _logService.GetLogUsers(searchDto);
    }
}

测试类获取方法上的特定标签

in xunit test 项目工程中,开始我们的测试

[Fact]
public void GetAssemblyMethodsAttributes()
{
    var assembly = typeof(Startup).Assembly.GetTypes().AsEnumerable()
        .Where(type => typeof(ControllerBase).IsAssignableFrom(type)).ToList();

    assembly.ForEach(r =>
    {
        foreach (var methodInfo in r.GetMethods())
        {
            foreach (Attribute attribute in methodInfo.GetCustomAttributes())
            {
                if (attribute is LinCmsAuthorizeAttribute linCmsAuthorize)
                {
                    _testOutputHelper.WriteLine(linCmsAuthorize.ToString());
                }
            }
        }
    });
}    

方法结果

可在输出文本中查看,正是我们想要的东西,最后一行,是其他Controller中的内容,而且我们重写了ToString(),所以我们能看到其属性。

"LinCms.Zero.Authorization.LinCmsAuthorizeAttribute","Permission:查询日志记录的用户","Module:日志","Roles:","Policy:","AuthenticationSchemes:"
"LinCms.Zero.Authorization.LinCmsAuthorizeAttribute","Permission:查询所有日志","Module:日志","Roles:","Policy:","AuthenticationSchemes:"
"LinCms.Zero.Authorization.LinCmsAuthorizeAttribute","Permission:搜索日志","Module:日志","Roles:","Policy:","AuthenticationSchemes:"
"LinCms.Zero.Authorization.LinCmsAuthorizeAttribute","Permission:查看lin的信息","Module:信息","Roles:","Policy:","AuthenticationSchemes:"

获取控制器上特性标签

/// <summary>
/// 获取控制器上的LinCmsAuthorizeAttribute
/// </summary>
/// "LinCms.Zero.Authorization.LinCmsAuthorizeAttribute","Permission:","Module:","Roles:Administrator","Policy:","AuthenticationSchemes:"
[Fact]
public void GetControllerAttributes()
{
    var assembly = typeof(Startup).Assembly.GetTypes().AsEnumerable()
        .Where(type => typeof(ControllerBase).IsAssignableFrom(type)).ToList();

    assembly.ForEach(d =>
    {
        var linCmsAuthorize = d.GetCustomAttribute<LinCmsAuthorizeAttribute>();
        if (linCmsAuthorize != null)
        {
            _testOutputHelper.WriteLine(linCmsAuthorize.ToString());
        }
    });
}

Controller结果

只有AdminController加了此标签,所以只有一行。

"LinCms.Zero.Authorization.LinCmsAuthorizeAttribute","Permission:","Module:","Roles:Administrator","Policy:","AuthenticationSchemes:"

此时Roles为Administrator,Permission及Module都是null,
这是因为只有AdminController中加了LinGroup.Administrator="Administrator"字符串,在登录过程中,已经给当前登录用户设置了 new Claim(ClaimTypes.Role,user.IsAdmin()?LinGroup.Administrator:user.GroupId.ToString()),即"Administrator,当用户访问AdminController中的方法时,LinCmsAuthorize并没有做相关验证,都是AuthorizeAttribute,实现了固定角色权限的判断及登录的判断。LinCmsAuthorize完成了固定权限设置为不同的动态角色后,判断用户是否拥有此权限。

[LinCmsAuthorize(Roles = LinGroup.Administrator)]
public class AdminController : ControllerBase
{
    ...
}

参考

开源地址

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